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ACADEMIC QUALIFICATION: Diploma In Urban Land Economic, University Of British Columbia, CANADA.
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I started my career on November 7, 1970, after completed my Higher School Certificate and moved away from my hometown at Banting, Selangor to Kluang, Johor to take up a post of Assistant Valuation Officer at Kluang local authority. At that time the local authority is known as Kluang Town Council governed the Kluang town and smaller towns surrounding it such as Kahang, Paloh, Chamek and Sri Lalang are governed by their respective Local Councils. These local authorities run on their own individually. These Councils were merged together to form North Kluang District Council on January 1,1977, and on May 8,2001, it was elevated into Kluang Municipal Council.
Currently I am a Government retiree and start taking affiliate marketing to occupy my time.GOD Bless that I will be successful.
A review of Buah Musang King Durian is chosen as it is a King Fruits liked by many for its taste and nutrition content.
Buah Durian Musang King or Musang King Durian is a sharp thorny tropical fruit which is also known as Mao Shan Wang or Durian Kunyit with a scienctific name of D197. This tropical fruit is expensive and sought after due to its taste, texture and flavor.Its flesh is thick and creamy with a small seed of almost flat and sweet with a little bit bitter.
It is growing well in tropical countries like Malaysia, Indonesia,Thailand,Brunei and northern part of Australia.
The flesh of the fruits can eaten fresh or to be made into fermented durian called “tempoyak” and also used as a flavor of a wide variety of sweet, edibles of traditional Malay candy as “ice kacang, dodol,lempok”,rose biscuit, icecream,milkshakes mooncakes, cappuccino and pulut durian (glutinous rice mixed with coconut milk added with durian flesh)
Discounted Price: RM35.00
Product details of ANAK POKOK DURIAN MUSANG KING D197 – 1 POKOK
Clone No: D 197
Local Name: Raja Kunyit or Musang King or Mau Shan Wang or Cat Mountain King
Remarks: Fruit shape is oval to ellipsoid and has a light green husk. It has a thick, golden yellow flesh, very smooth with little or no fibres. Sticky and creamy texture. Sweet and bitter taste. Mau Shan Wang is the most popular variety at present.
It is very interesting to note that the word “musang” here does not referred to the civet cat but rather to the region “Gua Musang” where this clone was first planted and became very popular among the farmers there.
Date Registered: 9.12.1993
Origin (Owner/Place): Wee Chong Beng, Tanah Merah, Kelantan
Musang King Durian is very high in nutrients compared to most other fruits.
1 cup (243 grams) of flesh produces
Carbs: 66 grams
Copper 25% of the DV
Fat: 13 grams
Fiber: 9 grams
Folate: 22% of the Daily Value(DV), that is the amount in gram of nutrients to consume or not to exceed per day.
Manganese: 39% of the DV
Niacin: 13% of the DV
Potassium: 30% of the DV
Protein: 4 grams
Riboflavin: 29% of the DV
Thiamine: 61% of the DV
Vitamin B6: 38% of the DV
Vitamin C: 80% of the DV
From the nutrient profile, the Musang King Durian is one of the most nutritious fruits found in the world.
Besides its nutrition’s content it also has healthy plant compound as anthocyanins, carotenoids, flavonoids and polyphenols. These elements have anti-oxidants function.
10KG Fertilizer Baja Subur Pokok dan Daun 15-15-15+TE
2 Ratings l 2 Answered Questions
This NPK 15-15-15+TE Fertilizer is a premium fertilizer for young growing trees as Musang King Durian before bearing fruits and also ornamental landscape plants such as foundation plantings, shrubs, ground covers, trees, roses and flowers.
N (nitrogen), P (phosphorus) and K (potassium) help to improve the health and appearance of plants.
Nitrogen is good at making the leaves grow,
Phosphorus improves fruit and/or flower production as well as root growth,
Potassium is great for overall plant health.
For fruiting trees the formula is 12-12-17-2 where more K element is required.
Durian can be grown on suitable soil with right terrain, right climate, right temperature and just enough rainfall at right time with proper drainage.
Durians grow well on deep, well drained loamy soil with depth of 1.5m and above with soil pH of approximately 5.0-6.5. It grows good on gently sloping land of 6-12 degrees and also foothills. But it does not grow well if the elevation is higher than 600-900m above sea level. The durian cannot stand waterlogged conditions and is at high risk of wind damage by storms and typhoons. Therefore, it has to be protected.
Durian is a tropical fruit which requires hot temperature of 24 to 32 degrees centigrade and moisture with humidity of 75 -80% and it cannot grow when the temperature dropped to below 22 centigrade
Durian requires a rainfall of 1500mm and more per year as its root system is very shallow (< 30cm),.Therefore additional irrigation is required for all stages of plant growth.
The Dry Weather:
Matured Musang King Durian required dry weather for 1-2 months during flowering from the start to fully bloomed and 4 weeks after, just enough water for the fruits to properly developed. Excessive water will cause the trees produce more leaves instead of the development of the fruits.
Young Musang King Durian is very sensitive to dry season.Therefore, proper drainage has to be provided to make the trees grow healthy and start to bear fruits earlier than 5-6 years.
In order for the trees to grow well and produces plenty of fruits, it has to be sprayed with stimulants as Bloomwell Plus.
Product details of Bloomwell Plus – High Potassium formula for flowering fortified with N P K, Amino Acid, trace element and AG8 Plant hormone Liquid Fertilizer (New Formula) (Agrostar Brand) for Vegetables, flower, durian, Fruits & All ornamentals 10L (Black)
Potassium plays a key-role in stimulating plants to set flowers and produce quality fruits
Suitable throughout all stages of the plant growth & development
Increase the permeability of the leaf wax layer which enhance the permeability of nutrients and the utilization of foliar fertilizer
Promote more vigorous root growth & expansion
Restores beneficial microorganisms in the soil
Promote plant root nutrients absorption more effectively
Promotes plant growth
Effectively increase chlorophyll content to improve photosynthesis
Regulating endogenous hormones in plants
Prevent flowers & fruits drop
The Benefits of Bloomwell Plus
1. Non-toxic, no side effects
2. Potassium plays a key-role in stimulating plants to set flowers and produce quality fruits
3. Suitable throughout all stages of the plant growth & development
4. Increase the permeability of the leaf wax layer which enhance the permeability of nutrients and the utilization of foliar fertilizer
5. Promote more vigorous root growth & expansion
6. Restores beneficial microorganisms in the soil
7. Promote plant root nutrients absorption more effectively
8. Promotes plant growth
9. Effectively increase chlorophyll content to improve photosynthesis
10. Regulating endogenous hormones in plants
11. Prevent flowers & fruits drop
12. Promote pollination success rate
13. Improve plant disease and stress resistance
14. For plants that suffer from pesticide, herbicide and fertilizer toxicity, they have detoxifying effects
15. Releases NPK, trace elements and natural fertilizers in the soil
16. Improve fertilizer efficiency by more than 20% & cost effective
17. Improve crop quality and increase yield
Use 1 – 2 ml Bloomwell Plus per 1 L of water,
Recommendation spray: Weekly.
Shake well before using.
Use spray nozzles to help plant leaves have more effective absorption.
Soil drenching.(Pouring the Bloomwell Plus already mixed with water onto the root)
Musang King Durian is to be planted in mix varieties in a ratio of 60:20:20 in order to get good yield. For example if you plant 100 young trees,60 trees are of Musang King,20 trees of other variety as Black Thorn ( Duri Duri Hitam)( D200) and another 20 trees of other variety as IOI (D168) or D99 (Cop Kecil) which has good harvest and longer fruiting period.
The trees are planted 10 meters apart either in triangular or square configuration so that the canopy does not overlap with each other. With this configuration, you will be able to plant about 115 stands per hectare ( 46 stands per acre.) in triangular configuration or 100 stands per hectare ( 40 stands per acre) in square configuration.
The land is first cleared, all the stump removed then plough and harrow twice. Then leave it to weather for about 3 days. if the soil is acidic, agricultural lime has to be applied first. But if you are doing a staggered planting,ploughing and harrowing not necessary to be done and only the immediate peripheries of hill are cultivated.
HOLING AND PLANTING.
Holes are made of at least 50 cm wide and deep at an interval of 10 meters triangularly or square which give a density of 115 stands per hectare ( 46 per acre) for triangular formation or 100 stands per hectare or 40 stands per acre for square formation and left for about 3 days for weathering. After that the dug up top soil is mixed with compost and used to refill the holes. A small amount of lime is added to the mixture if the soil is acidic.Otherwise, it is not necessary.
The seedling is carefully laid into the with its poly bags removed and then back fill with top soil already mixed with compost and pressed slightly to remove any air spaces. The depth of the seedling is where the root crown is level with the earth. But in places with irregular rain or flooded area, it is better to let the root crown slightly below the earth level so that to the rain water can be trapped at the seedlings.
Planting should be done at the beginning of the rainy season and the seedlings be given with a slight shade until they are fully grown.
Manuring is a must and the details are as follows:-
Age Of Trees (Year) Recommended Kg/Stand/Year Number Of Manure Application/year –———————- ——————- —————— ——————–
1 15:115:15 0.5 6
2 15:15:15 1.0 4
3 15:15:15 2.0 4
4 15:15:15 3.0 4
5 12:12:17-2 4.0 4 Organic 40.0
6 12:12:17- 2 5.0 4
7 12:12:17-2 6.0 3
8-25 12:12:17-2 9.0 3
10KG Fertilizer Baja Subur Pokok dan Daun 15-15-15+TE
Nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, or NPK, are the “Big 3” primary nutrients in commercial fertilizers. Each of these fundamental nutrients plays a key role in plant nutrition. Nitrogen is considered to be the most important nutrient, and plants absorb more nitrogen than any other element
– Nitrogen (N) – nitrogen is largely responsible for the growth of leaves on the plant. Phosphorus (P) – Phosphorus is largely responsible for root growth and flower and fruit development. Potassium (K) – Potassium is a nutrient that helps the overall functions of the plant perform correctly.”TE” is derived from its components: Tris, a common pH buffer, and EDTA, a molecule that chelates cations like Mg2+. The purpose of TE buffer is to solubilize DNA or RNA, while protecting it from degradation.
For fruiting trees the formula is 12:12:17-2.
PERIMETER FENCING OF THE FARM.
To prevent the trees from wild animals that destroyed the plantings especially when they are still young, electric fencing needs to be build along the farm perimeter. You need to build Solar Electric Fence Energizer Charger Controller Electric Fencing Pulse Controller High Voltage.
If the area has no power,you can use 12V battery.
If you want the fencing to on/off automatically,you need to add with a programmable timer.
Anly APT-9S 7 Days Programmable Timer Time Switch AC 100~240V
Animals Electric Fencing Controller of Dog Cow Sheep Horse Deer Bear Pig Goat Cattle Chicken High power, low cost electric powered fence energizer used to break pets’ bad habits and keeps unwanted predators out of your property
Electric Fence Charger Features
Input voltage: 12V DC, or 110V-240V AC, solar power optional
Output voltage: 12 KV
Water-proof and anti-dust
Working length: 3km OEM output energy from 0.3-2 Joule
Consumption: 0.5 Watts
Fi-shock similar electric fence energizer.
This Farm Electric Fence Application Areas:
Poultry farm, Game farm, Forest, Vegetable and fruit planting center, Livestock containment, Flower garden and Others
Animals to contain: Cow, sheep, cattle, horse, deer, bear, elephant, pig, goat, chicken, dog, raccoon, exotic animals and predators,etc
SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES OF MUSANG KING DURIAN.
After planting especially during dry season the trees have to be sprayed with water so that the trees grow well. The water should not be hot due to exposed to sun light. The amount of the water depend on root zone area, volume of roots zone, the capacity of the soil to hold water and the type of soil itself.
The plants are pruned to make them strong trees structure that grow bigger, faster and stronger so that a good horticulture practiced can be carried out in order to get more and better quality of fruits and the trees are healthy and they can withstand diseases and insects attacked.
There are two ways of pruning and thinning of the Musang King Durian.They are Central Leader System and Open Centre Pruning System.
CETRAL LEADER SYSTEM.
In this system, the trees to have one central vertical trunk and horizontal branches growing at the vertical trunk to form a strong tree structure in order to obtain maximum fruits. Some vertical branches are also growing upward at the vertical trunk and compete with the vertical trunk besides shoots that are continuously growing rather than seasonal and they must be removed. In its natural state, ground trees can grow to 45 meters (150 feet) and the first branch can be 18 meters (60 feet) from the ground. Matured trees normally are buttressed and their trunk usually have a diameter of 56 cm to 100 cm (17 inches to 30 inches).Their branches were pruned to form a regular formation of a cone or semi circular shape and the branches are uniformly distributed around the main trunk. Without the proper pruning, the branches will be irregular.
The purpose of pruning is to get free circulation of air and enough sun light required for fruits buds to turn properly into fruits. The flowers are formed along big horizontal branches that can carry the weight of matured fruits. Whereas the vertical branches is to determine the size and height of the trees. Thus pruning will produce good quality of fruits but over pruning can delay fruiting from 1 to 2 years.
The vertical trunk is topped or cut off to control the height of the trees and branch spread so that spraying, hand pollination of flowers, fruits thinning and harvesting can be carried out easily.
Dead, diseased or weak branches must be removed to stop from spreading. Water shoots must be removed especially after fruits season.
The pruning or training should be carried out regularly and started from young to matured trees. The method is either Central Leader or Open Centre. Normally the Central Leader is used but in Thailand Open Centre is used as it produced more fruits where hand pollination,fruits thinning and harvesting can be carried out.
Low-Head Training System (LHTS)
In !990 Malaysian Agricultural Research And Developement Institute (MARDI) introduced Low Head Training System (LHTS) replacing the traditional High Headed Training System where the trees are taller and the fruits are at the upper branches of the trees.
In the LHTS the branches are only 75 to 100 cm from the ground whereas in the High Headed system, the lowest branches are more than1 meter from the ground. In the LHTS the trees have less apical dominance (suppression of the development of lateral bud in growing plant shoot caused by hormones produced in the tip of the shoot) of the central leader and control the height of the tree.Therefore, the trees required less pruning and start bearing fruits 1 year earlier and the fruits are double.
Training And Pruning For LHTS.
Training is done right from the beginning of the planting to year of 5 or 6 and it is very important. It involved the selection of the scaffold or the fruiting branches which will determine the fruits that will be produced.
In the first year make sure that the trees are growing upright. If it does not, an upright support has to be made by tying the main stem onto it in such a way that the tree will be growing upright.
The second year is the time for developing the frameworks of the trees. The main stem growing upright is usually chosen as Central Leader. If there is no main stem, the most strongest branch growing upright is chosen. Then choose 5 to 8 branches that grow with wide angles to the stem from 45 to 90 degrees and their growth are evenly distributed around the stem with their distances at least 15 cm apart with the lowest branch 75 cm from the ground. The scaffold branches are then cut 15 to 30 cm shorter than the leader. Additional training also to be done during the growth of the trees such as removing undesirable shoots and developing scaffold limbs so that they grow at wide angle with the trunk by pulling them down with strings.(Scaffold branches are primary limbs that form a tree’s canopy. Secondary branches that emerged from scaffold branches are lateral branches. Growth come from buds at the tips of branches (terminal buds),or along branches sides (lateral buds)
The spreading of 1 year limbs to go on until all the scaffold have already spread to the required angle.
The third year is pruning the central leader. Make certain that the central leader is healthy and growing upright. If it does not grow upright, tie it to a stick so that it will grow upright.
Topping the leader: 1 – First cut; 2 – Second cut
At a height of 1.5 meters of the central leader choose the most healthy outward growing branch and cut the central leader or topping above this branch and make this branch as a new central leader. This topping will make more primary branches to grow and choose 2 or 3 primary branches growing from that leader for more scaffold branches.Prune these branches 15 to 30 cm shorter than the central leader.
Secondary shoots will grow at scaffold branches developed in previous year. Keep 2 to 4 of these new shoots that are 15 cm or more away from the stem leader as secondary branches.Prune these branches 15 to 30 cm shorter than the central leader. and prune the branches to form a cone.
Open up the center of the canopy.
In the fourth year, the formation of the primary and secondary scaffold branches are to continue besides opening up the center of the canopy by pruning or thinning secondary branches within in order to have more ventilation and more sunlight to penetrate onto fruiting branches.
To have a well-balanced, stable and strong trees structures, the primary branches should not be allowed to grow more than 30% of the main trunk and compete with the main trunk.” Bench cut” method is used to control the primary branches growth and make the canopy more open. It is done by pruning or thinning one third the length of the primary branches of the undesirable oblique branches or branches that form narrow “crotches”.
OPEN CENTER PRUNING SYSTEM.
In the first year of planting, the main stem or central leader is pruned to 20 to 30 cm above the grafted union, then allow 3 to 4 tier. The selected to grow and made into fruiting branches in the first tier. The selected branches are those with wide angle with the main stem and growing evenly around the main stem, 10 to 15 cm apart with the lowest scaffold 40 to 60 cm from the ground.These branches are then pruned to about 20 t0 25 cm in the second tier.
Second and Later Year to Bearing:
In the second year, the selected scaffold branches in the first tier were selected and made into scaffold branches in the second tier fruiting branches. These branches were pruned to equal length so that their growth will be uniform.Other shoots or branches were removed.The plants produced finally will form as an umbrella or an inverted pyramid.The plants are maintained at height of 3 to 4 meters with 2 to 3 meters in diameter and supporting main trunk of 70 to 100 cm. Any new shoots growing above 3 to 4 meters are cut down to reduce the apical dominance in the upper portion of the canopy and it forces the trees to redirect their growth to the lower portion of scaffold or fruiting branches. As a result, the trees will start bearing fruits in 4 to 5 years.
. Second Year And Later.
As reported by the Edge Newspaper on April 11,2018,announced by the Minister Of Agriculture And Agrobased Industries, matured Musang King Durian can produce fruits between 10 to 15 tons per hectare compare to oil palm of 30 tons per hectare per year but giving income of RM155,250.00 compare to oil palm at RM 17,500 per year.(8.8 times more).It is because Musang King Durian has big demand in China, a very big country and it has a very big population.Therefore, planting Musang King Durian is more profitable than oil palm. Why not plant them now!!!
1) Suitable for normal usage for spraying of herbicides, pesticides and fungicides.
2) Suitable for amateur gardeners, smallholders and convenient for horticulturists. Quick Details
Type : Sprayers
Brand Name : PB
Model Number : PB 16L
Sprayer Type : Knapsack
Material : Plastic
Plastic Type: PP
Usage : Agriculture
Tank Material : Polypropylene with UV protection
Pump Action : Left / Right Hand
Pump Type : Piston
Lance : Fiber Spraying Lance 18″
Nozzle : Adjustable Solid Cone Nozzle.
Can be used for kill the pests of the cotton, wheat, rice, and fruit.
It also can be used for weeding.
It can be used in mountainous areas, hilly areas and scattered land.
Specifications of Kasei Mist Blower 3WF14
Warranty Type: Local Manufacturer Warranty
Warranty Period: 3 Months
Fan Speed : 7,200 r/min
Spray : ≥3.2 kg/min
Dust : 2.5 kg/min
Horizontal spray : ≥13m
Vertical spray : ≥11m
Specified power : 1.8kW / 7,200r/min
Way of ignition : CDI
Way of starting : Recoil start
Way of stopping : Shut the throttle fully.
HOW TO INDUCE DURIAN TO FLOWER.
To induce flower to Durian trees is by the application of paclobutrazol.
Normally durian required 10 to 14 days of continuous dry weather to start flowering but with the application of the paclobutrazol it only required 3 to 7 days of continuous dry weather to start flowering
Leaf flushing is the production of a flush of new leaves typically produced
simultaneously on all branches of a bare plant or trees. Studies show that insect herbivory plays a major role in moulding leaf flushing phenology in trees of the seasonal tropics.
After harvest, selected trees were pruned to stimulate leaf flushing. Paclobutrazol, at the rates of 0, 750, 1000 and 1500 ppm, was sprayed to the trees when the new flushing has fully developed.Flowering in the treated trees occurred in 3 to 7 days of dry weather compare to 10 to 14 days for untreated trees. Flowering response to paclobutrazol is more readily in higher rates. When compared with the untreated control trees, the number of flowers per tree in the trees treated with paclobutrazol was increased by 29 to 4%.Results of the experiment indicated that a successful induction of flowering using paclobutrazol involved the degree of vegetative growth suppression, concentration and time of chemical application and an interruption of continuous dry period.
Musang King Durian, sometimes called Durian Kunyit or D197 also called Mao Shan Wang is a delicious and expansive tropical fruit and it is sought after due to its taste, texture and flavor. It has thick flesh and creamy with a small seed inside and it tastes sweet with a little bitter. It is eaten fresh or made as a flavor of a variety of food as ice cream,milkshake,moon cakes,dodol and et cetra high nutrients content and a good anti oxidant.
Durian is growing well on loamy soil in tropical countries with peak fruit season around June and July every year. But on hot weather the fruits ripe slightly earlier.
The fruits fetch a good price in the market and give good income as much as almost 9 times the income of oil palm for every hectare.
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